Witicles Experts Online Articles Directory
Witicles Experts Articles Directory Witicles Experts Articles DirectoryWiticles Experts Articles DirectoryWiticles Experts Articles Directory

Welcome, Guest!     Sign Up    Sign In
Sponsored Ads

Create Free Website or Blog with Hubpile

Strength of A Champion

Author Box

Osita OdafiOsita Odafi
I am a writer, public affairs analyst, historian and a pan-Africanist
Joined 3 years ago
From Makurdi, Benue State
Total Articles 2

Recent Articles From Author

# President Buhari: Discarding The Character of A Federal Republic?

Namecheap.com Namecheap.com

Become A Witicles.Com Expert Contributor Today

Shop for Books online in Nigeria at kpiBooks.com.ng Order your favourite books online now, Save the stress & Pay online or with cash at Your Doorstep!

We help our esteemed clients develop web strategy that works!
Call us @ +234 803 578 3880

Authors Spotlight
Gboyega Adedeji  Gboyega Adedeji
Gboyega Adedeji is a Veteran Writer on Witicles.comVeteran Author
238 Articles
   I am a Nigerian and an Ambassador of Christ sent to Nigeria for the cause of His Kingdom. By divine-making, I read, teach and ... from Abuja, Nigeria

Free Online Articles Editor  Free Online Articles Editor
Free Online Articles Editor is a Veteran Writer on Witicles.comVeteran Author
137 Articles
   We challenge the minds of people towards mental and attitudinal shift and National transformation. We are the Editorial team of Witicles.... from Abuja, Nigeria

Abiola Benjamin Obayomi  Abiola Benjamin Obayomi
Abiola Benjamin Obayomi is a Veteran Writer on Witicles.comVeteran Author
234 Articles
   Real Estate is my Profession. The change we need in Nigeria begins with all of us doing things differently. Collectively, we can make Nigeri... from Ile-Ife, Osun State

Omolara Adedeji  Omolara Adedeji
Omolara Adedeji is a Veteran Writer on Witicles.comVeteran Author
60 Articles
   I am a kingdom expander and I believe in the testimony of a transformed life as the greatest testimony of all. I am a voice of God for m... from Abuja, Nigeria

Sell Your Books online in Nigeria, Earn 80% from book sales

Top Articles
CONSAT: Nigeria DTH Cable Television That Challenges DsTV, MyTV, Startimes and Others
Top 10 Reasons for Nigeria's Undeveloped Economy
INSIGHTS On Tithes & Offerings from Brother Gbile Akanni
The Pyramid of Friendship: Secret of Effective Relationships
The Quick Fix for Nigeria's Underdevelopment and Unemployment

Recent Articles
Leah Sharibu: The Tragedy of Kidnap And Faith Not Renounced
Simple Troubleshooting Guide For The Issues Faced During The Booking Of Swiss Airline Tickets
Mahipalpur Escorts Link For The Entertainment
The Opinion of A Lazy Nigerian Youth
Goodluck Jonathan's Dangerous Precedence: A Setup For Muhammadu Buhari

Recent Comments
LeEco's first driverless car, 7 things to know about It
2 days ago I read this post your post so nice and very informative post thanks for sharing this post keep it up. http://www.angelss.in/

Delhi Escorts
The Joy of Service: How God Solves The Problem of Leadership Suicide in His Kingdom
2 weeks ago High profile escorts in Delhi available 24x7 hours for everyone. InCall and OutCall 2/3/4/5 star hotels service. Call Steve at 9953430422 to book an appointment.

india edge
Some Most Excellent Alternative to Buy Gifts for Valentine’s Day
3 weeks ago http://indiaedge.in/packers-and-movers/gurgaon

Site Clouds
Witicles, Articles, Webnigerians,Experts, Submit Articles, Become A Writer, Writing, Technology, Leadership, God, Government, Management, Nigeria, Society, Culture, Authentic Articles
Social Sharing

Sponsored Ads

Article Category >>>Politics

President Buhari: Discarding The Character of A Federal Republic?

By Osita Odafi       Jul 07, 2016

President Buhari: Discarding The Character of A Federal Republic?

Twenty years ago, the Sani Abacha regime established the Federal Character Commission. The 1999 Constitution transformed the decree establishing the Commission into an act, making the commission one of the fourteen independent federal executive bodies established by that constitution. The commission was set up to ensure fairness and equity in the allocation of public offices, recruitments into government agencies as well as the siting of developmental projects. It was to make sure that no region or state got more than its fair share of governmental presence and/or appointments over the others. The establishment of the commission gives effect to Section 14 (3) and (4) of the constitution. Section 14 (3) states:

‘The composition of the Government of the Federation or any of its agencies and the conduct of its affairs shall be carried out in such a manner as to effect the Federal Character of Nigeria and the need to promote National Unity, and also command national loyalty, thereby ensuring that there shall be no predominance of persons from a few states or from a few ethnic or other sectional groups in that Government or in any of its agencies.’

Subsection (4) addresses Federal Character as it applies to states and local governments.

Governments thenceforth have had to rely on this section in making appointments and recruitments to ministries, departments and agencies. Very recently, many Nigerians have questioned the extent to which the principle has been applied in making federal appointments. This worry becomes genuine especially when one considers the appointments made so far by President Buhari. In his little-over-one-year administration, most of President Buhari’s appointments have favoured the mainly Muslim North to the disadvantage of the mainly Christian South. The only time the provision seemed to have worked was with the appointment of cabinet ministers, where every state got a nominee each. But this is certainly not enough given that there are hundreds of Federal Government-agencies where appointments should also reflect the Federal Character as covered by Section 14.

As expected, there have been protests from civil society groups, politicians, and religious groups from the South. Media houses have had to run phone-in programmes focussing on this issue. The Social Media has not been left out of this drama. Presidential spokesman, Femi Adesina has made several unconvincing efforts at (re)assuring Nigerians that the appointments would be balanced with time. Even the President himself has also made assurances to that effect. But from what we can see, it has become obvious that the presidency’s position on this matter has not been matched with actions.

Despite the protests from these groups and the presidential pledge(s) to address the imbalance, the flagrant abuse of the Federal Character principle has continued unabated and has even, assumed a more dangerous dimension. Five states, three of them from the South were not represented in a recently released 47-man ambassadorial list forwarded to the Senate for consideration and confirmation. Six states in the North got thirteen nominees and even the FCT got a nominee! While Section 14 does not compel the President to pick ambassadorial nominees from all the states, Section 153 of the same constitution endorses the application of Federal Character principle in appointing persons into senior diplomatic posts. Reports have also shown such violations in recent recruitments into the Central Bank of Nigeria, Federal Inland Revenue Service, Economic and Financial Crimes Commission etc. The most embarrassing scenario played out in the Nigerian Prisons Service as was reported by media outlets recently. The Service was said to have recruited over 500 Nigerians, sixty-eight percent of them from 14 states in the North! Just this week, the President approved the composition of the board of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC). The appointments made into the NNPC board predictably followed the Buhari pattern; majority of them, Northerners and a few Southerners. The Federal Character Commission in all these cases looked the other way without demanding for the enforcement of the principle. There were even reports that staff of the Commission were either bribed or offered the option of submitting list of candidates to be recruited into these agencies.

There are analysts and other well-meaning Nigerians who have opined that merit, rather than geographical considerations should be considered in making appointments. To such apostles, I would like you to answer these questions: Why are most federal appointments skewed in favour of the North and not the South? Are there more qualified people in the North than the South? It is equally important  to remind these apostles of merit that when you limit appointments or recruitments to a particular region, there is a narrower chance of selecting people on merit than when you make every part of the country compete for such positions. Federal Character is a Nigerian home-grown way of addressing the marriage of inconvenience foisted on us by the colonialists. It does not promote mediocrity; no region has more qualified citizens to occupy public offices than the other. Rather, it promotes inclusiveness and unity in the mainly Muslim Northern and the mainly Christian Southern parts of Nigeria. Federal Character, no matter how inefficient it seems has somehow silenced dissent from the component parts that make up Nigeria in the past years.

The effects of these violations are far-reaching. Tensions are mounting among the different ethnic compositions who are already accusing the Federal Government of bias and promotion of a Northern Agenda. The re-emergence of the Biafra secessionist threat and renewed militancy in the Niger Delta are classic examples. One long-term effect of such skewed appointments is that many years from now, the top management staff of these agencies will be occupied by people from a particular region of the country. Certainly, they will influence future appointments into these agencies and the violations of the principle will have become institutionalised.

Nigeria has had her unfair share of unbalanced distribution of power which had already favoured the North, no thanks to the decades-long military rule. The call therefore, should not be to do away with Federal Character under the pretence of promoting merit. The call should focus on  proper management of the principle which could help pick the best from the regions or states to run the affairs if the country as advocated by Kaduna Senator, Shehu Sani. Indeed, President Muhammadu Buhari should be reminded that his election showed Federal Character: he obtained votes from all parts of the country although with varying percentages. He needs to be told also that he is flagrantly violating provisions of a constitution he swore to uphold  through such appointments fraught with imbalance. He has made history for himself, an unenviable record at that. Even with three years left to complete his tenure, he has already gone down in Nigeria’s history as the biggest violator of the Federal Character principle ever. This is unprecedented as this also makes him Nigeria’s most ethnically-biased leader of all times. One is left to ask a profound question – What would have happened at the end of his four-year tenure?

Osita Odafi

Lagos, Nigeria.

Twitter: @thisisosita

From Witicles.Com: Thank you for the gift of your time. We appreciate you for reading this article published by Osita Odafi. Witicles.Com is indeed your partner for your growth, effectiveness and maturity.


If you need to re-publish this ARTICLE, please cite this article - (http://witicles.com/president-buhari-discarding-the-character-of-a-federal-republic-24319.html) and the Writer (Osita Odafi)

Do You Find This Article Helpful?

Article Tags: Buhari: Discarding The Character of A Federal Republic?, Federal Rebublic of Nigeria, Osita Odafi writes about Federal Character on Fridayposts.com, P
Save the Stress, Shop for Books Online in Nigeria - kpiBooks.com.ng
Article Source
Osita OdafiAbout Osita Odafi
Osita Odafi Osita OdafiOsita OdafiOsita OdafiOsita Odafi


I am a writer, public affairs analyst, historian and a pan-Africanist

Social Sharing

If You Enjoyed This Article; Then, Share It On Your Social Network

     Copy This Short Link To The Article: http://i.witicles.com/ZdoCV President Buhari: Discarding The Character of A Federal Republic?President Buhari: Discarding The Character of A Federal Republic?President Buhari: Discarding The Character of A Federal Republic?President Buhari: Discarding The Character of A Federal Republic?

Post Comment

Article Comments

No comment found! Be the first to share your thoughts on this article!

Related Articles

Author's Articles

Related Books

Championship Fathering: How to win at Being a Dad

Coach Mom: 7 Strategies for Organizing Your Family Into An All-Star Team

Home | Advertise With Us | About Us | Contact Us | How To Submit Articles | Article Writing Tips | Webnigerians.com | kpiBooks.Com | Our Sitemap: XML HTML

Copyright © 2013-2018 Witicles. All rights reserved.